Rehabilitation is a method treatment designed to facilitate recovery after a serious injury, illness or surgery. It is aimed at enabling the patients to restore the physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological and social function.
The goal of rehabilitation program is to achieve fastest patient recovery. This program assists the patient to return to normal life through therapy or training.
Rehabilitation program is recommended for people who cannot resume to their normal activities following an injury or following a surgery. The rehabilitation team works on various physical activities and flexibility exercises that help to regain the strength and motion of the muscles in injured site.
Rehabilitation program include stretching and bending exercise, massage techniques, stability exercises, physiotherapy, heat therapy and much more.
Various techniques employed in rehabilitation program have significance of their own in improving the physical performance and restoring to normal activity.
- Stretching and bending exercises improve flexibility of the muscles at injured site
- Massage techniques relieves the tension of the muscles and improves the blood flow to the site of injury
- Stability exercises restore the functions and movements of the broken or injured joints
- Use of appropriate gears corrects biomechanical dysfunction for an instance, specially designed running shoes are recommended for sports individuals with foot injury. These shoes have a harder material inside of the sole which prevents the foot from rolling in.
Practicing several measures may help you obtain better results of rehabilitation program
- Gradually increase the time and intensity on exercises
- Exercise and walking regularly
- Choose correct footwear
- Do not work on empty stomach and drink plenty of water before workout
Exercise & Strengthening
Rehabilitation program is recommended not only for post-operative healing but also on the injuries that happen accidentally where RICE, pain relievers and other conservative treatments does not help. Exercising will help to control the pain and provide relief. Physiotherapists will guide and supervise you throughout your healing process.
The common muscles damaged during sports injuries include hamstring and quadriceps muscles of the thigh, calf and knee muscle, and flexor muscles of the joints. Lost strength and flexibility of these muscles by injury may be regained by performing appropriate exercises.
Various exercises recommended for injured patients for different types of sports injuries that should be performed regularly include:
- Flexion/extension exercises help to improve the movement of the knee and maintain strength of the hamstring muscle. It also decrease swelling around the injured site.
- Stretching exercises helps to increase the flexibility of the soft tissue around the joints. Stretching calf muscles also increases the flexibility of hamstring muscle in the hip.
- Static quadriceps contractions prevent the degeneration and weakening of quadriceps muscles. Weight bearing may not be allowed during this exercise.
- Straight leg, calf, hip raises: Lifting the entire weight of your leg, calf, or hip muscles against the resistance of floor improves the functions of knee quadriceps and hip flexor muscles.
- Leg curl is done using a band or weight machine to bend the leg. This helps to creates resistance against the pain. It is done to treat pain of hamstring muscle.
- Squatting exercise works on strengthening quadriceps muscle of hip.
- Proprioceptive exercises are done by walking on an uneven surface. This exercise works on injuries that fail to balance.
- Heel slides are performed on the quadriceps and hamstring muscles of the thigh. It helps in the movement of hip joint by decreasing the resistance between the foot and floor.